Archaic Eretria: A Political and Social History from the Earliest Times to 490 BC

By Keith G. Walker

This ebook offers for the 1st time a heritage of Eretria in the course of the Archaic period, the city's such a lot amazing interval of political value and Keith Walker examines the entire significant parts of the city's success.

One of the major elements explored is Eretria's function as a pioneer coloniser in either the Levant and the West - its early Aegaen 'island empire' anticipates that of Athens through greater than a century, and Eretrian delivery and exchange used to be equally widespread.

Eretria's significant, certainly dominant, function within the occasions of relevant Greece within the final 1/2 the 6th century, and within the occasions of the Ionian insurrection to 490 is obviously validated, and the tyranny of Diagoras (c.538-509), probably the golden age of town, is totally examined.

Full documentation of literary, epigraphic and archaeological resources (most of which has formerly been inaccessible to an English speaking-audience) is supplied, making a interesting historical past and helpful source for the Greek historian.

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West, ‘The Diktaean Hymn to the Kouros’, JHS eighty five, 1965, 149–59. eight C. M. Bowra, ‘A Cretan Hymn’, in M. Kelly (ed. ), For carrier to Classical stories. Essays in honour of Francis Letters, Melbourne, 1966, 31–46. nine 10 IG XII nine, 263 (from a shrine of the phyle Mekistis? ). eleven IG XII Suppl. 549: . except Zeus himself, the eponymous Mekisteus may be: (1) son of Talaos and Lysimakhe (daughter of Abas, eponym of Abai in Phokis, whence the Abantes), brother of Adrastos, one of many Seven at Thebes; (2) (unlikely) a son of Lykaion; (3) Herakles, who had this by-name in Elis (schol. Tzetzes advert Lyc. Alex. 651; Str. eight, three, 21 C348)—he used to be, in response to a few ancients, the 1st and maximum of the Daktyloi/Kouretes (Harrison 1963, 370–2); or (4) an in a different way unknown Eretrian determine. Archaic eretria fifty six 12 Roscher s. v. Karystos (with refs). R. Schumacher, ‘Three similar sanctuaries of Poseidon: Geraistos, Kalaureia and Tainaron’, in Marinatos, N. and Hågg, R. (eds), Greek Sanctuaries. New ways, London, 1993, sixty three. thirteen For Zeus Tamynaios: St. Byz. with Meineke’s remark. there has been additionally (later? ) a cult of Apollo at Tamynai (IG XII nine, 90–95a). For Dryopians and the worship of Apollo: Paus. four, 34, 10; Str. 10, 1, 6 C446. For Apollo and Zeus in other places within the south-east of the Eretrias: IG XII nine, fifty three; fifty four; fifty eight; fifty nine (Styra); and W. Forrest, ‘The First Sacred War’, BCH eighty, 1956, forty six. For destinations: Wallace 1947, 138 and Fig. 1, 131; Knoepfler 1997, 368 and n. 141; 402 map. 14 Wallace 1947, 131; 136–7; Knoepfler 1997, 378, n. 214; AR 1978/9, nine (but see A. Wilhelm’s AE 1912, 236–9). Zeus and Dryopians doubts touching on Zeus Soter at Karystos: are linked in lots of areas even within the Peloponnese: St. Byz. s. v. says that Nemea used to be Dryopian and refers to Nemean Zeus. Nemea used to be now not faraway from different Dryopian settlements within the Argolis (see p. 40). So, used to be Zeus a Dryopian god par excellence? 15 Th. 7, fifty seven, four. Hdt. 1, 146; eight, forty six. On Dryopians in Euboia, see lower than, pp. 39–41. sixteen Amarynthia is another (non-Eretrian) identify for Amarysia, derived from the site of her nice temple at Amarynthos, or from its eponymous hero; it's the identify utilized by Strabo and Livy (see under, n. 63). 17 Str. 10, three, 19 C472. ok. Kourouniotis, AE 1899, 143. . possibly it truly is to Apollo, Artemis (as Eileithyia) and IG XII nine, 269: Leto. See typically on kourotrophoi: J. Harrison, ‘The Kouretes and Zeus Kouros: a learn in pre-historic sociology’, BSA 15, 1908/9, 308–38; T. Hadzisteliou-Price, Kourotrophos: Cults and Representations of the Greek Nursing Deities, Leiden, 1978: Pt I, Ch. five (Kourotrophoitypes); Pt II, Chs 12–3 (Boiotia; Euboia); Pt IV, Ch. 20 (cult). 18 As a logo of bravery: Eust. advert Hom. Il. pertin. 282, 8–10 (on l. 542). because the ‘Euboian/ Abantic’ variety: ibid. 282, nine; A. Mastrocinque, ‘La ‘Kourá’ degli Eubei e l. a. Guerra lelantea’, Athenaeum fifty eight, 1980, 460–2; S. Marinatos, ‘Kleidung Haar und Barttracht’, Arch. Hom. I B, 1967, 15; see the diagrams of a Cypriot Geometric clay tripod and a painted vase from Mouliana, Crete in ibid. sixteen. A. Brelich, Guerre, Agone e Culti nella Grecia arcaica, Bonn, 1961, 9–10; linked to the Abantes (and even the Ellopians: Nonn.

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