A Linguistic Geography of Africa (Cambridge Approaches to Language Contact)

Greater than 40 years in the past it was once proven that the African continent could be divided into 4 designated language households. learn on African languages has for this reason been preoccupied with reconstructing and knowing similarities throughout those households. This has intended that an curiosity in other forms of linguistic courting, similar to no matter if structural similarities and dissimilarities between African languages are the results of touch among those languages, hasn't ever been the topic of significant examine. This publication exhibits that such similarities throughout African languages are extra universal than is generally believed. It offers a vast standpoint on Africa as a linguistic sector, in addition to an research of particular linguistic areas. so one can have a greater knowing of African languages, their constructions, and their historical past, additional info on those contact-induced relationships is key to figuring out Africa's linguistic geography, and to reconstructing its heritage and prehistory.

Show description

Preview of A Linguistic Geography of Africa (Cambridge Approaches to Language Contact) PDF

Similar Africa books

I Didn't Do It for You: How the World Betrayed a Small African Nation

Scarred by way of a long time of clash and profession, the craggy African state of Eritrea has weathered the world's longest-running guerrilla struggle. The dogged selection that secured victory opposed to Ethiopia, its titanic neighbor, is woven into the nationwide psyche, the made of cynical international interventions.

The Poisonwood Bible: A Novel

The Poisonwood Bible is a narrative advised through the spouse and 4 daughters of Nathan expense, a fierce, evangelical Baptist who takes his relations and undertaking to the Belgian Congo in 1959. they bring about with them every thing they think they're going to desire from domestic, yet quickly locate that every one of it—from backyard seeds to Scripture—is calamitously remodeled on African soil.

Maps

This primary novel in Nuruddin Farah's Blood within the sunlight trilogy tells the tale of Askar, a guy coming of age within the turmoil of recent Africa. along with his father a sufferer of the bloody Ethiopian civil struggle and his mom demise the day of his delivery, Askar is taken in and raised via a lady named Misra amid the scandal, gossip, and formality of a small African village.

The Flame Trees of Thika: Memories of an African Childhood (Classic, 20th-Century, Penguin)

In an open cart Elspeth Huxley trigger along with her mom and dad to trip to Thika in Kenya. As pioneering settlers, they outfitted a home of grass, ate off a damask fabric unfold over packing circumstances, and discovered—the difficult way—the international of the African. With a rare reward for element and a willing humorousness, Huxley recollects her youth at the small farm at a time while Europeans waged their fortunes on a land that used to be as harsh because it was once attractive.

Extra resources for A Linguistic Geography of Africa (Cambridge Approaches to Language Contact)

Show sample text content

A separate focus is located within the Nyanja (Bantu N30) and Shona (Bantu S10) language teams spoken in Malawi, Zimbabwe, and adjoining components of Botswana and Mozambique. outdoor Africa, labial flaps were said in basic terms in a single language, Sika, an Austronesian language of Indonesia. Labial flaps will not be commonly disbursed around the Sudanic belt. In spite in their targeted distribution, universal inheritance from a unmarried proto-language may be governed out. Olson and Hajek (2003) recommend that they forty two G. N. Clements and Annie Rialland desk three. 2 Frequencies of 4 forms of labial-velar stops within the African database (total languages with labial-velar stops � fifty five) quantity percentage of overall gb fifty four ninety eight. 2 kp fifty four ninety eight. 2 Ngb thirteen 23. 6 ˛m 7 12. 7 may need arisen in Adamawa-Ubangi languages of Cameroon and unfold from there into the japanese automobile and Sudan, from whence they might have been borrowed by means of imperative Sudanic languages. How those sounds arose within the first position (i. e. through sound switch, in ideophones, only once or numerous occasions independently) remains to be doubtful. three. 2. four Labial-velar stops nearly both designated to Africa, and to the Sudanic belt particularly, are labial- velar stops. those are doubly articulated sounds produced with overlapping labial and velar closures (see Connell 1994 and Ladefoged & Maddieson 1996 for special phonetic descriptions). despite their complicated articulation, they represent unmarried phonemes, as is proven by means of a few diagnostics. For instance, they can't be break up by means of epenthesis, they're copied as unmarried devices in reduplication, and so they normally happen in syllable-initial place the place con- sonant clusters are usually not differently allowed. typically, labiovelar sounds, together with stops and the waft /w/, are inclined to development with labial instead of velar sounds in phonological structures (Ohala & Lorentz 1977). although, in homorganic nasal–stop sequences, it's the dorsal function that sometimes spreads to the previous nasal, yielding [˛mgb] or [˛gb]. 7 A fuller dialogue in their phonology are available in Cahill (1999). the most common labial-velar stops are a voiced oral cease /gb/, a unvoiced oral cease /kp/, a nasal cease /˛m/, and a prenasalized cease /Ngb/ often learned as [˛mgb] or [˛gb]. a number of of those sounds happen in fifty five of the a hundred and fifty African languages in our database (see desk three. 2). different kinds of labial-velar sounds are very infrequent in our facts, the main strange being the labial-velar trills said within the Bantu language Yaka C104 (Thomas 1991). because the numbers in desk three. 2 recommend, /kp/ and /gb/ frequently accompany one another in a method. This truth could seem strange, given the crosslinguistic tendency for voiced stops to be much less widespread than unvoiced stops. within the Sudanic belt, besides the fact that, this tendency doesn't carry; inside our pattern, basically four percentage of Sudanic languages lack voiced stops, and those are all Bantu Africa as a phonological zone forty three A10-20 imperative AFRICAN REPUBLIC A64 SUDAN A83 A53 C12a C13 C41 C41 CAMEROON A70 C37 C14 D33 C30 C45 D32 C41 C104 D21 C53 C54 D311 D22 D14 CONGO GABON DEMCOCRATIC D12 REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO D13 C34 Map three.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.62 of 5 – based on 40 votes